90% of Members of the Spanish Parliament use Twitter compared to 70% in some regionalparliaments.
Ciudadanos and Podemos have higher levels of visibility and centrality on Twitter than other parties (weighted by number of tweets).
Gender stereotypes are reproduced on social media. Female MPs pay significantly more attention to social and rights issues than male MPs.
Social media and mobilisation
Street politics is reflected to a large extent in online social networks, and at the same time it is
transformed by the transformation of communication dynamics. Citizens use social networks
to follow issues of interest outside electoral politics and to support political initiatives that
they seek to get on the agenda. In this way, it is possible to study activists, social movement
organisations, and the events that bring movements to life, through their digital traces. Q-Dem
tracks social movement organisations and protest events on the social network Twitter in
order to study changes in the dynamics of collective action, citizen attitudes towards political
conflict and emotions in politics.
Political behaviour in the social media
Q-Dem aims to explain how and why politicians and rulers prioritise issues on social media and
the implications for political representation. The transformative potential of social networks
for Western democracies is widely acknowledged, but considerable debate remains over
whether their effects are relatively benign or pernicious for democracy. Drawing on agenda
theory, political representation and social network studies, Q-Dem comprehensively analyses
the issue attention patterns and communication strategies of parliamentarians on social
networks in different countries. The aim is to
explain under what conditions social networks are a political arena in which political elites
focus their attention on political issues or private content; whether they contribute to
promoting lack of civility, focusing on negative campaigning, and showing unwillingness to
engage in political debate. We also analyse the conditions under which political
representatives prioritise issues that correspond to the preferences of their constituents and
whether there are differences in the issues to which MPs pay attention.
Social media and parliamentary behaviour
Social networks have become a political arena in which MPs must prioritise issues. In this
respect, Q-Dem seeks to understand to what extent there is congruence between the issues
addressed on social media and the issues that these representatives bring to parliaments, also
analysing the possible effect of individual variables. This type of study can provide some
answers about the effects of social media on representative systems and help to understand
the extent to which there is a gap between the parliamentary agenda and the agenda on social